4198 SHRI PARIMAL NATHWANI
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS be pleased to state :-
(a) the rates at which population of our national animal, tiger, and the national bird peacock are falling in the country;
(b) the number of tigers and peacocks, died/killed during 2011;
(c) the pockets in the Indian States where they are found and well-preserved; and
(d) the steps taken by Government to conserve, preserve and nurture these species?
MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS (SHRIMATI JAYANTHI NATARAJAN)
(a) The country level tiger population, estimated once in every four years using the refined methodology, has shown an increasing trend with a population estimate of 1706, lower and upper limits being 1520 and 1909 respectively in the recent all India estimation (2010), as compared to the last country level estimation of 2006, with an estimate of 1411, lower and upper limits being 1165 and 1657 respectively. There are no specific data to indicate that population of peacock is decreasing.
(b)The number of tiger deaths during 2011, as reported by States, are at Annexure-I. The information relating to peacock mortality is not compiled at country level by the Ministry.
(c)The tiger population, by and large, in tiger reserves and protected areas of tiger States are viable, while requiring ongoing conservation efforts, as revealed in the recent (2010) All India Tiger Estimation using the refined methodology. The list of Tiger Reserves / project tiger areas are at Annexure-II. The peacock has a wide distribution in our country.
(d)The milestone initiatives taken by the Government to protect and foster tiger conservation, interalia, including other wild animals are at Annexure-III.