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POACHING OF WILD ANIMALS

27 Mar 2017
Rajya Sabha


2757. SHRI C.P. NARAYANAN:
Will the Minster of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:

(a) whether poaching of wild animals are on the increase in recent years, if so, the details thereof;
(b) whether some of them were killed for their skin, horn, etc;
(c) whether there is a commercial interest in poaching;
(d) what steps are being taken to prevent such killings;
(e) whether there is an increasing trend of man-wild animal conflict due to increase in population of both; and
(f) how Government intend to prevent them?

MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT FOREST, AND CLIMATE CHANGE (SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE )

(a) As informed by the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau, the data provided by the State enforcement agencies to Bureau does not indicate such trend.

(b) and ( c ) based on the data provided by the State enforcement agencies, wild animals were killed for their skin, horn etc for commercial use.

(d) The following steps were taken by the Government to prevent such killings:


i. Legal protection has been provided to wild animals against hunting and commercial exploitation under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.

ii. Endangered species of animals including Tiger, Elephants, Lion, Rhino, etc are listed under Schedule –I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 thereby according them highest degree of protection in the said Act.
iii. The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, provides for stringent. punishments for wildlife offences. The Act also provides for forfeiture of any equipment, vehicle or weapon that is used for committing wildlife offence(s).
iv. The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has been set up to strengthen the enforcement of law for control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife and its products, by coordinating with the States, Railways, Airport Authority of India and also with border and trans border authorities.
v. Protected Areas, viz., National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves covering important wildlife habitats have been created all over the country under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to conserve wild animals and their habitats.
vi. Financial and technical assistance is provided to the State/ Union Territory Governments under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats', ‘Project Tiger’ and ‘Project Elephant’ for providing better protection to wildlife and improvement of its habitat.
vii. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has been empowered under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to apprehend and prosecute wildlife offenders.

(e) Some States have reported increase in man-wild animal conflict due to increase in the population of the wild animals.

(f) Central Government provides financial assistance to the State/Union Territory Governments. The activities supported under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats. ‘Project Tiger’ and ‘Project Elephant’ for the management of wildlife and its habitats in the country inter alia include construction/erection of physical barriers, such as barbed wire fence, solar powered electric fence, bio-fencing using cactus, boundary walls etc. to prevent the entry of wild animals into crop fields; improvement of wildlife habitat of wild animals by augmenting the availability of food and water in forest areas to reduce the entry of animals from forests to habitations and setting up of anti-depredation squads to drive away problematic animals.
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