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ELEPHANT MENACE

8 Aug 2017
Lok Sabha


3543. SHRI D.K. SURESH:
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government is aware of the rise in incidents of elephant menace in the country including Karnataka in the recent years and if so, the details thereof;
(b) whether the Government has made any assessment of the losses incurred due to elephant raids on standing crops, human settlements etc.;
(c) if so, the details of the loss of standing crops and human casualties during each of the last three years, State-wise;
(d) whether the Government has paid any compensation to the affected families;
(e) if so, the details thereof during the said period; and
(f) whether the Government has any proposal to prevent elephant menace by installing solar fencing and using state-of-the-art technology and if so, the details thereof?


MINISTER FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (DR. HARSH VARDHAN)

(a) Yes Sir, reports of damage caused by elephant are received from various part of country, including Karnataka. Rise in the number of such incidents is due to fragmentation of forests and increased in human population. Number of people killed, State-wise, due to elephant attacks is given at Annexure.

(b)&(c) No, scientific, country wide, study has been carried out to assess losses incurred by elephant raids on crops and human settlements.

(d)&(e) Yes Sir, the details of compensation paid to the victims of elephant depredation for last three years are given below:

 

Years

Compensation paid for human depredation caused by elephants        (Amount Rs. In Lakhs)

Compensation paid for crop and property depredation caused by elephants            (Amount Rs. In Lakhs)

2014-15

923.27

4249.17

2015-16

1144.63

3933.93

2016-17

893.91

2784.88

 

(f) Yes Sir, following steps are taken by the Government to minimize the impacts of elephant depredation:
(i) Financial and technical assistance is provided to elephant range states under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes ‘Project Elephant’.
(ii) Elephant range States notify the critical elephant habitats as “Elephant Reserves” for better management of wild elephants. So far 29 Elephant Reserves have been established in 14           States
(iii) Elephant is listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, to provide it highest degree of legal protection.
(iv) Solar powered fencing and elephant proof trenches are used to prevent elephant menace.
(v) The latest technologies such as WhatsApp, SMS based alert system, use of Radio Collaring of elephant etc. are used to minimise elephant depredation.
(vi) Improvement of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuary, Critical habitat, including Elephant Reserves and Corridors is carried out regularly.
(vii) Use of used rails to create elephant proof barrier.

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