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STATUS OF TIGER RESERVES

18 Dec 2017
Rajya Sabha


221     Shri R. Vaithilingam
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state :-

(a) whether it is a fact that India has 39 tiger reserves with a population of 2,226 tigers as per the 2014 census;
(b) whether it is also a fact that 43 years of project tiger, initiated in 1973, have successfully resulted in meeting the objectives and has utilized allocated financial resources; and
(c) whether it is also a fact that there is no emphasis on major issues on those threatening ecosystems?

MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (DR. MAHESH SHARMA)

(a) India has 50 tiger reserves currently and the number of tigers as per the assessment of the Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey, 2014, in the entire country within and beyond tiger reserves is 2226.

(b) The Project Tiger / National Tiger Conservation Authority has been successful in fulfilling its mandate and has put the endangered tiger on an assured path of recovery. It is one of the most successful conservation programme for a single species in the entire world. Due to ongoing conservation efforts under the project in designated tiger reserves, India has maximum number of tigers alongwith its source areas amongst 13 tiger range countries in the world.

(c)All tiger reserves are mandated to have a Tiger Conservation Plan (TCP) as per section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 as amended in 2006 which assesses all threats and weaknesses affecting a tiger reserve and accordingly proposes managerial interventions, which inter alia, include habitat management which takes care of the eco-system.