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PROTECTION/CONSERVATION OF TIGERS

22 Dec 2017
Lok Sabha


SHRI GOWDAR MALLIKARJUNAPPA SIDDESHWARA
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-

(a) whether the Global Tiger Forum (GTF) has proposed India’s robust tiger estimation method to South-east Asian countries to boost tiger population and if so, the details thereof;
(b) the population of tigers in various reserve forests in the country during each of the last three years, sanctuary-wise;
(c) the measures taken by the Government to conserve and protect the tigers in various forest reserves; and
(d) the steps taken to involve NGOs and experts in boosting the wild animal population?

MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE(DR. MAHESH SHARMA)

(a)The Global Tiger Forum (GTF) has circulated protocols for monitoring habitat quality and wildlife populations in tiger landscapes to all tiger range countries, besides technical guidelines for habitat, prey and tiger recovery across tiger range countries, based on protocol being followed by the Government of India / National Tiger Conservation Authority.

(b)As per the assessment of the Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey, 2014 using the refined methodology, the tiger number has shown 30% increase countrywide with an estimated number of 2226 (range 1945-2491) as compared to 2010 estimation of 1706 (range 1520-1909 tigers). The country level tiger estimation using the refined methodology is done once in four years. The details of tiger estimation pertaining to tiger landscapes in the country for the years 2010 and 2014 are at Annexure-I. The population of tigers, reserve-wise, is at Annexure-II.

(c) Measures taken by the Government to conserve and protect the tigers in various tiger reserves / forest reserves, consist of legal steps, administrative steps, Standard Operating Procedures, security audit, Monitoring system for Tigers’ Intensive Protection and Ecological Status (M-STrIPES) for effective field patrolling and monitoring, funding assistance under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Project Tiger to the tiger reserves for various activities which inter alia include provision for antipoaching operations, village relocation, man-animal conflict mitigation, intelligence gathering and legal support etc., and NTCA (Normative Standards for Tourism activities and Project Tiger) Guidelines, 2012.

(d) NGOs and experts are involved in different areas, inter alia including All India Tiger Estimation, through locale specific projects as per provision of section 38 O (1) (f) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.