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INCREASE IN TIGER POPULATION

29 Dec 2017
Lok Sabha



1891 SHRI BALASUBRAMANIAM SENGUTTUVAN
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-

(a) whether the overall tiger population in India has really gone up in the past few years and if so, the details thereof;
(b) whether fool-proof methods and scientific techniques were adopted for the counting of tiger population in the country and if so, the details thereof;
(c) whether the population of tigers increased in all the regions and wildlife parks in the country, if so, the details thereof and if not, areas or wildlife parks where the tiger population has actually decreased;
(d) whether the sub-species of tiger, the Royal Bengal Tiger has increased in population or decreased and if so, the details thereof; and
(e) whether in the period between 2015-16 poaching claimed the lives of nearly hundreds of tigers and if so, the details thereof?


MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (DR. MAHESH SHARMA)

(a) The country level tiger estimation using the refined methodology is done once in four years. As per the assessment of the Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey, 2014 using the refined methodology, the tiger number has shown 30% increase countrywide with an estimated number of 2226 (range 1945-2491) as compared to 2010 estimation of 1706 (range 1520-1909 tigers).
(b) The current method used for tiger estimation is a refinement over the 2006 and 2010 exercise, wherein robust spatially explicit capture recapture protocols using joint models have been employed. The method is peer reviewed in both national and international fora and has been published in international scientific journal. This national assessment has been conducted by the National Tiger Conservation Authority in collaboration with the State Forest Departments, Wildlife Institute of India and National level Non Governmental Organisations.
(c) The details of tiger estimation pertaining to tiger landscapes in the country for the years 2010 and 2014 depicting status viz. increase, decrease or stable number, are at Annexure-I. The tiger reserve-wise estimation of population of tigers, done for the first time in year 2014 is at Annexure-II.
(d) The species found in India is Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris) only. Details have been given in reply to above questions.
(e) During year 2015-16, a total of 100 tiger deaths were reported by the States out of which 23 cases were because of poaching including seizures.